Performance Evaluation of DSDV, AODV, and DSR


In this report, I just show the simulation scripts to compare the performance of DSDV, AODV, and DSR. More information about these adhoc routing protocols can be found on the Internet or books.


(TCL script --- adhoc.tcl)

if {$argc !=3} {

        puts "Usage: ns adhoc.tcl  Routing_Protocol Traffic_Pattern Scene_Pattern "

        puts "Example:ns adhoc.tcl DSDV cbr-50-10-8 scene-50-0-20"




set par1 [lindex $argv 0]

set par2 [lindex $argv 1]

set par3 [lindex $argv 2]


set val(chan)           Channel/WirelessChannel    ;# channel type

set val(prop)           Propagation/TwoRayGround   ;# radio-propagationmodel

set val(netif)            Phy/WirelessPhy            ;# network interface type

set val(mac)            Mac/802_11                 ;# MAC type


if { $par1=="DSR"} {

  set val(ifq)           CMUPriQueue

} else {

  set val(ifq)          Queue/DropTail/PriQueue    ;# interface queue type


set val(ll)             LL                         ;# link layer type

set val(ant)            Antenna/OmniAntenna        ;# antenna model

set val(ifqlen)          50                         ;# max packet in ifq

set val(rp)             $par1                       ;# routing protocol

set val(x)                   500

set val(y)                500

set val(seed)               0.0

set val(tr)      

set val(nn)             50

set val(cp)                $par2

set val(sc)        $par3

set val(stop)              100.0


set ns_              [new Simulator]


set tracefd     [open $val(tr) w]

$ns_ trace-all $tracefd

$ns_ use-newtrace


set topo       [new Topography]

$topo load_flatgrid $val(x) $val(y)


set god_ [create-god $val(nn)]


set chan_1_ [new $val(chan)]


        $ns_ node-config -adhocRouting $val(rp) \

                         -llType $val(ll) \

                         -macType $val(mac) \

                         -ifqType $val(ifq) \

                         -ifqLen $val(ifqlen) \

                         -antType $val(ant) \

                         -propType $val(prop) \

                         -phyType $val(netif) \

                         -channel $chan_1_ \

                         -topoInstance $topo \

                         -agentTrace ON \

                         -routerTrace ON \

                         -macTrace OFF                                        


        for {set i 0} {$i < $val(nn) } {incr i} {

                set node_($i) [$ns_ node]

                $node_($i) random-motion 0            ;# disable random motion



puts "Loading connection pattern..."

source $val(cp)


puts "Loading scenario file..."

source $val(sc)


for {set i 0} {$i < $val(nn) } {incr i} {

    $ns_ initial_node_pos $node_($i) 20



for {set i 0} {$i < $val(nn) } {incr i} {

    $ns_ at $val(stop).000000001 "$node_($i) reset";



$ns_ at $val(stop).000000001 "puts \"NS EXITING...\"; $ns_ halt"

puts "Start Simulation..."

$ns_ run



Performance metric: Packet Delivery fraction (The ratio of the data packets delivered to the destinations to those generated by the sources)

(AWK paring program --- getRatio.awk)


        sendLine = 0;

        recvLine = 0;

        fowardLine = 0;



$0 ~/^s.* AGT/ {

        sendLine ++ ;



$0 ~/^r.* AGT/ {

        recvLine ++ ;



$0 ~/^f.* RTR/ {

        fowardLine ++ ;




        printf "cbr s:%d r:%d, r/s Ratio:%.4f, f:%d \n", sendLine, recvLine, (recvLine/sendLine),fowardLine;




Before running simulation, we have to use the tools to generate the traffic and scenario patterns.


1.      Traffic pattern (change the path to ~ns\indep-utils\cmu-scen-gen)

In this example, traffic models were generated for 50 nodes with CBR traffic sources, with maximum connections of 10 at a rate of 8kbps.

(-rate 2.0: in one second, 2 packets are generated. The packet size is 512 byte. Therefore the rate is 2*512*8=8kbps)


2. Scenario pattern (change the path to ~ns\indep-utils\cmu-scen-gen)

In this example, mobility models are created for the simulations using 50 nodes, with pause time of 0 seconds, maximum speed of 20m/s, topology boundary of 500x500 and simulation time of 100 secs.


After creating the traffic and scenario pattern files, copy them to the place where you put the adhoc.tcl.


Start Running Simulation


Parse the result


1.      AODV

2.      DSR

The explanation for the results can be found at reference 1.







Last modified date: 2006/05/26


Author: Chih-Heng Ke (柯志亨)